There are two methods which can be used to test a child for lead poisoning. Those methods are 1) capillary – finger stick, which allows a large number of children to be screened, and 2) venous draw – blood taken from the vein and is very accurate. The following chart informs you as to what to do when results are received from either method. The blood lead levels given are measured in micrograms per deciliter (one millionth of a gram). In India venous blood Lead tests are done.
Venous Blood Method
Less than 10
Re-screen in 1 year.
Re-screen in 1 year.
No additional action necessary unless exposure sources change.
10 – 14
Your child needs a venous blood test within 1 month for confirmation. Talk with your Doctor.
Your child is lead poisoned. Talk with your Doctor
HINTS: Remove and cover all known lead hazards in and around your home. Frequent hand washing, damp dusting and moping of floors will help to reduce lead dust. Increase iron, calcium and vitamin C foods to help your child fight lead poisoning.
15 – 19
Your child needs a venous blood test within 1 month. Talk with your Doctor.
Your child is lead poisoned. Visit a Doctor and medical care may be necessary
HINTS: Remove and/or cover all known lead hazards in and around your home. Frequent damp dusting, mopping and hand washing will help reduce lead dust. Increase iron, calcium and vitamin C foods to help your child fight lead poisoning.
20 – 44
Your child needs a venous blood test within 1 week to 1 month. The higher the level the more urgent the needs for a venous blood test. Talk with your Doctor immediately.
Your child is lead poisoned. Your child needs a lead safe home. Your family must work closely with your health care provider Your child will need more blood tests and medical care until the blood lead level is lowered.
45 and above
Your child needs a venous blood test within 48 hours. A level above 60 should be retested in 24 hours. A level of 70 and above should be treated as a medical emergency. Talk with you Doctor immediately.
Lead poisoning at this level is VERY SERIOUS. A blood lead level over 70 is a MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Your child needs a full medical checkup and possible medical treatment (chelation)! Your child may have to stay in the hospital Your child must be removed from lead hazards.